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Complete cardiology examination

Electrocardiogram (ECG)

An electrocardiogram (ECG) test is a standard method of recording the heart’s electrical activity for diagnostic purposes. This is a cheap, low-risk and noninvasive test that doesn’t cause pain. ECG is used to diagnose abnormalities of the heart, poor blood flow to the heart muscle (ischemia), heart attack or metabolic disease. The ECG result shows if your heart rhythm is irregular, too slow or too fast (arrhythmia) and obtain information about the electrical functioning of the heart


The echocardiography or diagnostic cardiac ultrasound is key in determining the health of the heart muscle. This technique allows the cardiologist to determine the size, the structure, pumping function of the muscle of the heart, valve function and blood flow inside of the heart. Also the echocardiography can be used to determine a number of additional factors, including congenital heart defects, any evidence of damage to the heart, cardiomyopathy, systolic and diastolic function of the left ventricle, diseases such as endocarditis, myocarditis and pericarditis.

Doppler ultrasound of blood vessels

A Doppler ultrasound of blood vessels is a noninvasive test that can be used to estimate the blood flow through the blood vessels of the abdomen, neck, arms and legs.
A Doppler ultrasound uses sound waves to produce images of the arteries. This method can reveal narrowings or dilatations of the blood vessels. Also it is used to detect build-ups or plaques that narrow the lumen of a blood vessel.

Non-invasive diagnostic procedures

Cardiac stress test

A cardiac stress test is a very important cardiological procedure which is used to evaluate the blood flow through the heart arteries and is useful in diagnosing coronary artery disease.
The cardiac stress test is also used for evaluation of blood pressure and heart rhythm during exercise .

24 hour ECG Holter

24 hour ECG Holter examines the electrical function of the heart in a period of 24 hours. With this diagnostic procedure, the rhythm of the heart is monitored for a longer period , because some conditions that disrupt the rhythm occur occasionally or during a state of sleep , mental stress or physical activity.
The purpose of this diagnostic method is to monitor the heart rhythm abnormalities and to determine the effectiveness of the therapy.

Holter ABP – 24 hours

Ambulantory blood pressure - Holter is a diagnostic procedure for monitoring and registering the blood pressure values within a period of 24 hours while performing usual daily activities.
The purpose of this diagnostic method is to monitor the variations in blood pressure and to determine the proper drug therapy or to modify the therapy that has already been prescribed.

Cardiological examination in children

Cardiological examination in children

With a pediatric cardiovascular echocardiographic procedure, the heart cavities are visualized if they are of normal dimensions, the septum between the ventricles and the atrium are seen, which can be a common cause of murmurs in children and heart anomalies. The echocardiography evaluates also the function of the heart valves, as well as visualization of the large blood vessels leaving the heart (pulmonary artery and aorta).

Ultrasound doppler

Venous doppler ultrasound

A venous Doppler ultrasound is a diagnostic test used to check the circulation in the large veins in the legs. This exam shows any blockage in the veins by a blood clot or “thrombus” formation.
This examination should be done in case of swelling of the legs, thrombosis and other obstructive changes that may occur in the venous circulation in the legs.

Transcranial Doppler - Bubble test

It is a diagnostic method for detecting a congenital heart defect PFO (Patent foramen ovale) - a small opening between the two atria of the heart which normally closes after birth. Bubble test - involves intravenous injection of micro-bubbles (mixed physiological solution with air). Along with the injection, the Doppler signal is recorded with transcranial Doppler, usually in the middle cerebral artery (MCA).
In the case of an existing Patent Foramen Ovale, air bubbles which are actually microemboli pass through the hole from the right heart to the left side via the open shunt. Therefore, the blood pumped from the heart includes a mixture of these air microemboli and reaches the cerebral circulation.